The Neuremburg Code
As Adopted by the US Department of Health and Human Services#1 The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential.
This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, over-reaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved, as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision. http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/archive/nurcode.html
Endorsed by The National Vaccine Information CenterInformed Consent: An Ethical Principle
The National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) has not advocated for the abolishment of vaccination laws as other groups have proposed. However, we have always endorsed the right to informed consent as an overarching ethical principle in the practice of medicine for which vaccination should be no exception. We maintain this is a responsible and ethically justifiable position to take in light of the fact that vaccination is a medical intervention performed on a healthy person that has the inherent ability to result in the injury or death of that healthy person. 6 7 8 9
In consideration of:
the fact that there can be no guarantee that the deliberate introduction of killed or live microorganisms into the body of a healthy person will not compromise the health or cause the death of that person either immediately or in the future; 10 and
with very few predictors having been identified by medical science to give advance warning that injury or death may occur; 11 12 13 14 and
with no guarantee that the vaccine will indeed protect the person from contracting a disease; 15 16 17 18 and
in the absence of adequate scientific knowledge of the way vaccines singly or in combination act in the human body at the cellular and molecular level, 19 20 21
vaccination is a medical procedure that could reasonably be termed as experimental each time it is performed on a healthy individual.
Further, the FDA, CDC and vaccine makers openly state that often the number of human subjects used in pre-licensing studies are too small to detect rarer adverse events, 22 making post-marketing surveillance of new vaccines a de facto scientific experiment. In this regard, the ethical principle of informed consent to vaccination attains even greater importance.